52 59. UTTAMA-NA&BL In Saka 1354 (expired), Parltapi, Uttama-nambi built a temple for Hanumantadeva and consecrated his image, both as the service (kah&aryam) of Daksinasamudradhipati-dannayaka,* who endowed ten new villages as tiruvidaiyattam tinder Uttam a-nambi. gUi p. 134. 60, SOCIAL CONDITIONS IN THE 15TH CENTURY : SRINATEA. [£riEatha, a great Telugu poet -who flourished in the first half of the loth century A/D., was a great traveller. He visited several places in South India, which he described graphically in verses, The following is a summary of a few of these verses xvhich refer to places then included in the Vijayanagara empire.] (a). PALXAD. Palnad in general : — Men of taste do not visit Palnad ; for, (in that district) even a king- has to plough, and women, though they may be as beautiful as the apsaras Eambha, have io spin ; and even Manmatha (Cupid) has to subsist upon millet (1). The villages have no shops-, rice is not available for food; the men are untidy, and the women ungainly ; water is scarce ; and there are no gardens to please the eye ; men of merciful and generous disposition are rarely met with. Why then should one frequent Palnad? (2) The villages oj Palnad : — Small stones — each of which is a godling,— the water of the Nagula stream, blocks of granite, the food of cooked millet and bajra, serpents and scorpions, these constitute the common features of the villages in Palnad (8). The Village Purohifs house :— -The hygienic conditions of the purdhtfs house baffle description: within the limits of a house of one dfoiZt extent trampled by cattle (are massed together) a cot, the dung of calves, rancid food, the excreta of children, leaf platters, dirty linen, widows with unshaven heads, cooking pots and heaps of fuel (4). 9 This was j»rcb*bly a gift by Lakka^a Dan^Syaka.